Special issue nb 52: “Open Access and Research Data. Contributions from the Information and Communication Sciences”
Kirstine's bookmarks 2018-03-16
Since the early 2000s, a political and social movement has been aiming at liberalizing access to data (Open Data), and in particular to scientific and institutional data. The Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI, 2002) recommends free and open access to research publications. The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) has expanded this scope by promoting open access to knowledge, including international scientific literature, research data, and the tools used to collect these data. Meanwhile, government authorities are encouraged to give access to public data. Accordingly, in 2003, the European Parliament voted on the Public Sector Information Directive (PSI), aiming at opening institutional data for reuse. In France, the Étalab Mission was established as a symbol of the Government’s policy on openness and sharing of administrative, scientific, industrial or commercial data coming from both public institutions and companies (published on the data.gouv.fr portal). At Fall 2016, the French Parliament voted on the Digital Republic bill (Loi pour une République numérique), closing the gap between academic and institutional data. The bill requires institutional and academic data to be made available, including research publications.