Book: Concepts of openness and open access - UNESCO Digital Library
Kirstine's bookmarks 2019-01-14
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the late twentieth century had become enablers in empowering citizens worldwide in all segments. Openness in obtaining, processing, publishing and disseminating research information becomes easily achievable due to spread of ICTs and ICT-enabled services. Democratization of information and knowledge gets much impetus while bridging knowledge and digital divides necessitated with positive interventions by the inter-governmental fora. In the beginning of the 21st century, we see global leadership reached a consensus in harnessing global initiatives for facilitating social empowerment, economic progress, inclusive development and green economy. Global intergovernmental programmes introduced in the begging of the 21st century include United Nations Millennium Development Goals (UN-MDGs), World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), and Internet Governance Forum (IGF) – which all have necessary action plans for bridging knowledge and digital divides. Open source software, open access research literature, open standards, open innovation and open research data have become dearer to researchers in developing countries as these promise openness and unrestricted access to information in ones’ domains.