¿Qué es la Ciencia Abierta? | IWETEL Archivos
alespierno's bookmarks 2018-03-30
[From Google translate] But what is this Open Science thing?
A good way to explain what Open Science is is from the theory of scientific revolutions developed by the physicist and philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn in his book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962). This author calls "paradigms" the "universally recognized scientific achievements that, for a certain time, provide models of problems and solutions to a scientific community".
Scientific traditions and their methods would be ways of thinking and doing that would be maintained despite the evolution of science and its practices. A paradigm, once constituted, survives over time even though dysfunctions or "anomalies" persist within it. The process of replacing an "old" paradigm with a new one is conflictive because of the emerging process of new practices and new tools, as well as the insecurity resulting from the abandonment of well-established ways of doing things over time.
Open science is this: a paradigm shift in the way science is done. It does not change substantially with respect to its motivations and objectives, but it does (substantially) change its methods. Change is not in what you do, but in how you do it.
An interesting way to approach the contents of Open Science is to use the resource guide created by FOSTER Plus (Fostering the practical implementation of Open Science in Horizon 2020 and beyond). This is a European Union project that aims to help researchers adopt the different practices of Open Science. To this end, FOSTER Plus has created resource guides by disciplines and the FOSTER portal, which gives access to articles and reports through a taxonomy
Paragraph 16 ("Science with and for society") of the European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme states:
"There are far reaching changes in the modus operandi of the scientific system, which are enabled by digital technologies and driven by the globalisation of the scientific community, as well as the increasing demand to address the societal challenges of our times. They have an impact on the entire research cycle, from the inception of research to its publication, as well as on the way in which this cycle is organised. These changes have been referred to as'science 2.0', or'open science'." (European Commission, 2017)"
2 Europe's motivations
3 An open, collaborative science, made with and for society
4 The interesting gestation of the term
5 The components