Open access, biblioteche digitali e big data | I Magnifici Incontri CRUI
alespierno's bookmarks 2018-07-06
[Google Translate] Open access, digital libraries and big data
Conference of the Rectors of the Italian Universities -
The digital libraries of the universities perform functions of support to research, teaching and activities of the "third mission" and arise from the cooperation between the governance of the university, the different disciplinary communities, computer services and library services, which take care of its implementation. They consist of native digital information resources and the digitisation of texts, documents, images and data originally produced and transmitted in analogue format.
Among the contents present in the major digital libraries are the digitizing of the historical collections of manuscripts, books, magazines, photochemical reproductions, graphs, tables and structured sets of data present on analogical supports, out of rights and/or in the public domain, and then move on to journals, ebook series, doctoral theses, the working papers and the different types of research data produced and published directly in digital format on platforms of the university by the different scientific communities under the editorial name of the institution, up to the databases and the packages of periodicals and monographs distributed by others in open access or purchased by commercial publishers.[...]
The financial resources that universities and research bodies invest in their digital libraries are, instead, largely drained by the purchase of electronic periodicals, at very high prices, by very few commercial publishers, which have increasingly absorbed within them the processes of intermediation and distribution, indexing and abstracting of electronic resources, along with services for evaluating content on the basis of citation indices5.
The exponential growth in magazine prices that has taken place since the nineties of the last century has been reflected not only in the scientific, technical and medical (STM) disciplinary sectors, which entrust the dissemination of research results almost exclusively to journals, but in all disciplinary areas, since libraries, dragged into the spiral of rising prices, were soon forced to cut purchases of research monographs, the pre-eminent product, in the humanities and social sciences, to present the results of an articulated research path. Moreover, the link between the exorbitant increase in the prices of STM periodicals and the crisis in research monographs had already been established in 1999 by Robert Darnton, then president of one of the major North American academic associations, the American Historical Association, and director of the Harvard library6.
It is not possible here to retrace the lively debate that has developed within the disciplines and academic and research institutions, focusing, on the one hand, on the opportunities offered by telematic networks to develop new models of communication with open and free access to scientific information; on the other hand, the need to react to the price crisis and market policies of dominant scientific publishers, either by using new knowledge communication practices, based on the self-archiving by authors of their scientific contributions in institutional repositories created by universities and research centres, or by promoting the publication of high quality open-access scientific journals. [...]
Research data and big data
For some years now, there has been a lot of talk about big data, open data, linked data and open linked data in a number of countries. fields. Here you can remember only a few. Many public administrations, by impulse of the European Community, have chosen to make freely accessible on the web as open data the enormous wealth of information they collect and hold by virtue of their roles institutional. In Europe, some public administrations have also identified technologies as being semantic web standards, and in particular in the open linked data model, the essential tools to give data (open or not) an identity, to make it connectable and semantically interoperable with each other, as called for by the European Digital Agenda