انتشار حركة الوصول الحر للنشر العلمي في البلدان العربية: دراسة فينومينولوجية | Diffusion of Open Access in Arab Countries | Jaber | Zenodo
ab1630's bookmarks 2018-07-25
"...Open Access emerged as a revolutionary movement in Western societies in order to solve the current scholarly communication system crises. Its diffusion in Arab countries took place in a research environment that mostly lacks national research agendas and adequate research budgets. The study aimed at exploring in detail and interpreting how participants are making sense of their lived experience with Open Access. The study adopted a phenomenological approach using Interpretative phenomenological Analysis (IPA) methodology to answer the main question: How does the Open Access movement to scientific publishing diffuse in Arab countries from the perspective of scholars/ practitioners? Two research tools were used, the critical and systematic literature review, and the semi-structured interview with ten participants. The study was divided into five chapters and a general introduction: the introduction addressed the problem of the study, its research questions, its objectives and its relevance; and briefly sketched the research design. In chapter, one, fifty-three Arab studies from 2005 to 2015, were reviewed and classified into themes and subjects. The second chapter discusses in detail the theoretical approach. The third chapter elaborates the methodology. The fourth chapter displayed the findings from the analysis of the ten interviews; seven superordinate themes with thirty themes were issued. The concluding fifth chapter discussed the results by referring to the Diffusion of Innovations theory and the adoption of a critical approach based on Western cognitive hegemony. The study concluded to the following main results: The concept of Open Access is cultural response against the dominant Western concept. Its diffusion is still limited and beset by many individual and external barriers, notably the lack of national research policies and agendas. The adoption decision by Arab institutions is an authoritative decision that comes in response to the international pressure to join the knowledge society. The impact of Open Access adoption remains debatable, especially since scientific publishing, Open Access included, is not an isolated industry from the dominant global economic, political and technological situation."