Open science for a knowledge and data-driven economy - European Commission
"What is open science about? Open Science describes the on-going transitions in the way research is performed, researchers collaborate, knowledge is shared, and science is organised. It represents a systemic change in the modus operandi of science and research. It affects the whole research cycle and its stakeholders, enhances science by facilitating more transparency, openness, networking, collaboration, and refocusses science from a 'publish or perish' perspective to a knowledge-sharing perspective. Open science is also about making sure that science serves innovation and growth. It guarantees open access to publicly-funded research results and the possibility of knowledge sharing by providing infrastructures. Facilitating access to those data will encourage re-use of research output. For example, companies, and particularly SMEs, can access and re-use data, infrastructures and tools easily and at a reasonable cost and can accelerate the implementation of ideas for innovative products and services. Under the EU research and innovation funding programme Horizon 2020, open access to publications is now mandatory and we launched a Pilot on Open Research Data. In the context of the Digital Single Market Strategy, we will soon be launching a European Open Science Cloud initiative which will combine existing and future data infrastructures, offering secure and seamless access to European researchers for storing, managing and processing data from different sources ..."