Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pill Protects Against Diabetic Nephropathy by Inhibiting the Wnt/β-Catenin and Transforming Growth Factor-β/Smad Signaling Pathways in Rats
pubmed: wnt1 2021-05-25
Front Physiol. 2021 Feb 19;11:613324. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.613324. eCollection 2020.
Diabetic nephropathy is a severe microvascular complication of diabetes. Qishen Yiqi dripping pill (QYDP) has been reported to be a renal protective drug. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. This study was performed to investigate the mechanisms. In this study, Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with streptozotocin to generate a diabetes model. Diabetic rats were administered 150 or 300 mg/kg/day QYDP. After 8 weeks of treatment, serum creatinine, serum blood urea nitrogen, and 24-h urinary albumin were measured. Kidney histological staining and immunostaining were analyzed. Then, the renal tissue was analyzed with a genome expression array. The results showed that QYDP treatment reduced serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and 24-h urinary albumin and improved kidney histology and fibrosis. The gene array revealed that the expression of 189 genes was increased, and that of 127 genes was decreased in the high dosage QYDP group compared with the diabetic group. Pathway and gene ontology analyses showed that the differentially expressed genes were involved in the Wnt/β-catenin and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad2 signaling pathways. QYDP reduced the renal Wnt1, catenin β1, Tgfb1, and Smad2 gene expression and β-catenin, TGF-β, Smad2, collagen I, α-smooth muscle actin, and fibronectin protein expression in diabetic rats. Our results provide the first evidence that QYDP performs its renal-protective function by inhibiting the Wnt/β-catenin and TGF-β/Smad2 signaling pathways in diabetic rats.