<em>Fos-Related Antigen 1</em> May Cause Wnt-Fzd Signaling Pathway-Related Nephroblastoma in Children

pubmed: wnt1 2022-09-23

J Biomed Nanotechnol. 2022 Feb 1;18(2):527-534. doi: 10.1166/jbn.2022.3220.


This study aimed to investigate the role of the primary Fos-related antigen 1 (Fosl-1) oncogene in nephroblastoma by studying 60 childhood nephroblastoma and 58 paraneoplastic carcinoma cases. The Fosl-1 expression was detected using immunohistochemistry. In vitro culture of nephroblastoma cells was performed by viral transfection to establish Fosl-1 overexpression and gene knockout models. Flow cytometry and nano-PCR were used to detect apoptosis and mRNA expression in related pathway genes. Immunohistochemical results showed that the positive expression of Fosl-1 in the nuclei of nephroblastoma tissue was 78%, among which metastasis rate was 61.7%; correspondingly, it was 8%, and 100% in adjacent tissues. The qPCR results indicated that MMP9, Wnt1, and Fzd1 were significantly upregulated after Fosl-1 overexpression compared with the normal embryonic tissue cells, control, and gene knockout groups (P <0.05). Fosl-1 could cause the occurrence, development, and metastasis of childhood nephroblastoma through wingless/int1/Frizzled-related signaling pathways.

PMID:35484756 | DOI:10.1166/jbn.2022.3220