Science as behaviour: Using a behaviour change approach to increase uptake of open science: Psychology & Health: Vol 34, No 12
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Psychology as a science is undergoing a revolution. The well-documented replication crisis has impacted psychology as well as many other disciplines over recent years. The Open Science Collaboration attempt to replicate 100 experiments from three leading psychology journals found 97% of original studies to report significant effects compared to only 36% when replicated (Open Science Collaboration, 2015). Open Science, an umbrella term including a range of knowledge creation and dissemination behaviours to increase research transparency (Fecher & Friesike, 2014) is now gaining strong traction. A global movement of interdisciplinary scientists, funding bodies and universities is working collaboratively to increase reproducibility and transparency in the science process, reporting and teaching (Button, 2018). Making study materials, data and analysis code openly available facilitates scientific scrutiny and accurate replication, as well as data synthesis such as via meta-analyses (Crutzen, Peters, & Abraham, 2012; Crutzen, Ygram Peters, & Mondschein, 2019). This editorial applies the Behaviour Change Wheel approach to understand how Open Science behaviours may be identified, how barriers towards these behaviours may be addressed and how interventions can be developed to increase Open Science behaviours.