Drivers of Article Processing Charges in Open Access [pdf]
mdelhaye's bookmarks 2020-01-05
Large publishing companies have been dominating scientific publishing for long,which leads to high subscription fees and inhibited access to scientific knowledge. Atdigital era, the opportunity of an unrestricted access appears feasible, because the cost ofpublishing should be low. It is no longer the readers and libraries to pay subscription fees,but scientific organizations and authors themselves who pay for the cost of having theirarticle published. As the data shows, there is a tremendous variance of article processingcharges (APC) across journals, which obviously cannot be explained by the costs. Oneof the explanatory variables could be reputation, but it only contributes less than 5% tothe variance in APC. This study is meant to shed light on the various determinants ofAPC. Based on data from the OpenAPC Initiative, the Directory of Open Access Journals,the Journal Impact Factor and the Essential Science Indicators of Web of Science, weemploy ANOVA and multivariate regressions. The results show that market power plays animportant role to explain APCs, inter alia, through market concentration, market position ofindividual publishers (publisher size), and the choice of hybrid publishing model.