A snapshot of the academic research culture in 2023 and how it might be improved
mdelhaye's bookmarks 2023-10-26
Our evaluation revealed a wide variety of barriers to more open sharing of research. While some are related to perceived or experienced biases based on personal characteristics such as gender or inequitable access to support, most result from a research culture that primarily assesses achievement and quality through traditional, peer-reviewed papers. This focus, and the resulting competition, encourages researchers to hide their work at least until a traditional journal paper is published. In some situations, these pressures lead to questionable research practices (QRPs), such as data manipulation to achieve an “interesting” or statistically significant result more likely to appeal to a journal with higher impact metrics or perceived “impact”. In general, open research practices are viewed as not beneficial, or even detrimental, to job security and career advancement. This is especially true given competing demands and the need for academics to prioritise their time on outputs that count in assessments that they are subject to.