Open Access to Research Data: The European Commission’s consultation in progress | Open Economics
Searching and finding research data should be also made easier, as open access to data does not necessarily mean accessible data. There was also an emphasis that every contributor should be known and acknowledged and there is a need of establishing cultures around data sharing in different disciplines and 'augmenting the scientific infrastructure to be technical, social and participatory' (Salvatore Mele, CERN). There was some agreement that commercial data and data which can lead back to individuals should be kept closed but some aggregated data should be shared. Industry representatives (Philips Research, Federation of German Security and Defence Industries) argued for keeping some data closed, deciding on a case by case basis and having embargo periods on data produced in public-private partnerships in order to encourage investment. Funders viewed research data as a public good, which should be managed and be discoverable, and encouraged open and better access to research data where research outputs are accessed and used in a way that maximises the public benefit. While there is a growing consensus about funder policies, these should be better implemented and enforced. Resources like – infrastructure, incentives and cultures, capacity and skills, ethics and governance – should be built and sustained in recognition of the different stages that different disciplines are currently at (some really good points made by David Carr, the Wellcome Trust). The IT, data centre professionals and librarians spoke about the need to recognise the role of data scientists and data librarians, with appropriate funding and careers. While the value of data is often recognised later on and grows over time there is less of an understanding who would pay for the long-term preservation since few institutions can make indefinite commitments. A key component should be also proper training and the development of core skills in dealing with research data (where librarians can assist researchers in data management plans, bridging the gap in knowledge), as well as the proper citation rules and practices for data where career recognition can be linked to sharing of research data in order to boost incentives ..."