KLF3 promotes colorectal cancer growth by activating WNT1

pubmed: wnt1 2024-05-27

Aging (Albany NY). 2024 Feb 1;16(3):2475-2493. doi: 10.18632/aging.205494. Epub 2024 Feb 1.


OBJECTIVE: The function of Kruppel-like factor 3 (KLF3) remains largely unexplored in colorectal cancer (CRC).

METHODS: KLF3 expression in CRC was assessed through qPCR, western blotting, immunohistochemical assays, and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The tumor-promoting capacity of KLF3 was explored by performing in vitro functional experiments using CRC cells. A subcutaneous nude mouse tumor assay was employed to evaluate tumor growth. To further elucidate the interaction between KLF3 and other factors, luciferase reporter assay, agarose gel electrophoresis, and ChIP analysis were performed.

RESULTS: KLF3 was downregulated in CRC tissue and cells. Silencing of KLF3 increased the potential of CRC cells for proliferation, migration, and invasion, while its activation decreased these processes. Downregulated KLF3 was associated with accelerated tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, KLF3 was discovered to target the promoter sequence of WNT1. Consequently, the diminished expression of KLF3 led to the buildup of WNT1 and the WNT/β-catenin pathway activation, consequently stimulating the progression of CRC.

CONCLUSIONS: This investigation suggests that the involvement of KLF3/WNT1 regulatory pathway contributes to the progression of CRC, thereby emphasizing its promise as an important focus for future therapies aimed at treating CRC.

PMID:38305787 | PMC:PMC10911342 | DOI:10.18632/aging.205494