Mesenchymal stromal cells from a progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia patient show altered osteogenic differentiation

pubmed: wnt1 2022-08-06

Eur J Med Res. 2022 Apr 25;27(1):57. doi: 10.1186/s40001-022-00683-2.


BACKGROUND: Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPRD) is a rare autosomal recessive non-inflammatory skeletal disease with childhood onset and is characterized by a progressive chondropathy in multiple joints, and skeletal abnormalities. To date, the etiopathological relationship between biological modification occurring in PPRD and genetic mutation remains an open issue, partially due to the limited availability of biological samples obtained from PPRD patients for experimental studies.

CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the clinical features of a PPRD patient and experimental results obtained from the biological characterization of PPRD mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and osteoblasts (OBs) compared to normal cell populations. Phenotypic profile modifications were found in PPRD compared to normal subjects, essentially ascribed to decreased expression of CD146, osteocalcin (OC) and bone sialoprotein in PPRD MSCs and enhanced CD146, OC and collagen type I expression in PPRD OBs. Gene expression of Dickkopf-1, a master inhibitor of WNT signaling, was remarkably increased in PPRD MSCs compared to normal expression range, whereas PPRD OBs essentially exhibited higher OC gene expression levels. PPRD MSCs failed to efficiently differentiate into mature OBs, so showing a greatly impaired osteogenic potential.

CONCLUSIONS: Since all regenerative processes require stem cell reservoirs, compromised functionality of MSCs may lead to an imbalance in bone homeostasis, suggesting a potential role of MSCs in the pathological mechanisms of PPRD caused by WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein-3 (WISP3) mutations. In consideration of the lack of compounds with proven efficacy in such a rare disease, these data might contribute to better identify new specific and effective therapeutic approaches.

PMID:35462544 | PMC:PMC9036808 | DOI:10.1186/s40001-022-00683-2