Non-thermal atmospheric-pressure plasma potentiates mesodermal differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells
pubmed: wnt1 2023-01-29
Heliyon. 2022 Dec 1;8(12):e12009. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12009. eCollection 2022 Dec.
Non-thermal atmospheric-pressure plasma has been used for biological applications, including sterilization and stimulation of cell growth and differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that plasma exposure influences the differentiation pattern of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). We treated hiPSCs with dielectric barrier-discharge air plasma and found an exposure dose that does not kill hiPSCs. Immunohistochemical staining for E-CADHERIN showed that the exposure affected cell-cell attachment and doubled the average size of the hiPSCs. Analysis of mRNAs in embryoid bodies (EBs) from plasma-treated hiPSCs revealed repression of ectoderm genes, including WNT1, and increased expression of mesoderm genes. Importantly, hiPSCs deficient in DNA repair only displayed minimal damage after plasma exposure. Collectively, our results suggest that plasma treatment can be another tool for directing the fate of pluripotent stem cells without disrupting their genomic integrity.