2,4-Dipropylphloroglucinol inhibits the growth of human lung and colorectal cancer cells through induction of apoptosis
pubmed: wnt1 2023-06-01
Med Oncol. 2023 Mar 24;40(5):129. doi: 10.1007/s12032-023-01986-y.
Scientists are finding the most effective chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the anticancer mechanism of DPPG, a derivative of DAPG (2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol), for the first time. DPPG and DAPG inhibited 83 and 59% of human colorectal cancer HCT116 cell growth at 40.0 µg/ml, and 74 and 57% of human lung cancer A549 cell growth at 10.0 µg/ml concentrations respectively. Furthermore, DPPG and DAPG inhibited 97 and 73% colony formation of the HCT116 cells at 20.0 µg/ml concentration. DPPG and DAPG induced apoptosis in the HCT116 and A549 cells that was confirmed by Hoechst 33342 and FITC-annexin V staining. This result also revealed that ROS generated in both the HCT116 and A549 cells after treatment with DPPG. However, no ROS production was observed in HCT116 and A549 cells after treatment with DAPG. Both DAPG and DPPG significantly increased the CASP3 protein expression that was detected by staining the cells with the super-view 488-CASP3 substrate. Expression of WNT1 gene was eliminated in DPPG and DAPG treated HCT116. Expression of MAPK1 gene was entirely abolished in DPPG treated cells, whereas a significant decrease was observed for DAPG. An intense band of CASP8 gene product was observed agarose gel for DPPG treated HCT116 cells than DAPG. Molecular docking simulation showed the high binding affinities (≥ 6.5 kcal/mol) of DPPG and DAPG with target proteins WNT1, MAPK1, CASP8, and CASP3 in HCT116 cells. This manuscript demonstrated that DAPG and DPPG inhibited lung and colorectal cancer cells by inducing apoptosis. DAPG and DPPG inhibited A549 and HCT116 cells growth by inducing apoptosis.