The ameliorative effect of CangFu Daotan Decoction on polycystic ovary syndrome of rodent model is associated with m6A methylation and Wnt/β-catenin pathway
pubmed: wnt1 2023-06-01
Gynecol Endocrinol. 2023 Dec;39(1):2181637. doi: 10.1080/09513590.2023.2181637. Epub 2023 Feb 23.
Objective: This study investigates the effects of CangFu Daotan Decoction (CDD) on m6A methylation and Wnt/β-catenin pathway in rats with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).Methods: The PCOS rat model was established by letrozole gavage. The rats were fed high-fat chow, and their body weight and blood glucose were recorded. The expressions of follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH), luteinizing hormone(LH), and testosterone(T) were quantified by ELISA. Chemical components in CDD were analyzed using UPLC-Q/TOF-MS. Based on network pharmacology methods, related targets of CDD on PCOS were screened. An enrichment analysis according to Tokyo Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was conducted to predict the potential signaling pathway of CDD in PCOS. The expressions of Wnt-1, β-Catenin, GSK-3β, C-MYC, Beclin1, LC3II, Bax, and PCNA were detected by western blotting. The expressions of Mettl3, Mettl14, Fto, Alkbh5, Ythdf1, and Ythdf2 were monitored by RT-PCR. The expressions of Mettl3, Fto, and Ythdf1 were detected by western blotting.Results: Letrozole and a high-fat diet induced ovarian dysfunction in rats, which was attenuated by CDD. CDD decreased blood glucose, LH, and T concentrations and increased FSH expression in PCOS. After removing duplicates, a total of 71 compounds were identified by UHPLC-Q/TOF-MS, among which terpenoids and flavonoids account for the main proportion. The clustering analysis showed that the active site of CDD might be in the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. CDD decreased the expressions of Wnt-1, β-Catenin, GSK-3β, C-MYC, Beclin1, LC3II, and Bax and increased PCNA expression in the ovarian tissue of PCOS rats. CDD decreased the m6A gene expressions of Mettl3, Mettl14, Fto, Alkbh5, Ythdf1, and Ythdf2 in peripheral blood and ovarian tissue of PCOS rats. CDD reduced the m6A proteins expressions of Mettl3, Fto, and Ythdf1 in the ovarian tissue of PCOS rats.Conclusion: CDD can regulate m6A modification and inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in PCOS rats, thereby reducing body weight, lowering blood glucose levels, improving sex hormone disorders, and decreasing autophagy and apoptosis in ovarian tissue to promote the recovery of ovarian morphology.