Assessing type I collagen expression and quality in cellular models of osteogenesis imperfecta

pubmed: wnt1 2023-12-03

Clin Genet. 2023 Nov 28. doi: 10.1111/cge.14463. Online ahead of print.


Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a group of genetic disorders of bone formation characterized by soft and shorter brittle bones in affected individuals. OI is generally considered a collagenopathy resulting from abnormal expression of type I collagen. As assay system to detect the cellular level and quality of type I collagen would help in rapid and correct detection of OI from the diagnostic perspectives. Here, we report an immunofluorescence assay for detection of type I collagen in fibroblast models of OI and represented them into two broad categories based on the expression level and aggregation characteristics of pro-α1(I). Cell phenotypic assays of pro-α1(I) in OI-related gene knocked down fibroblasts revealed aggregates of pro-α1(I) in conditions with knockdown of SERPINF1, CRTAP, P3H1, PPIB, SERPINH1, FKBP10, TMEM38B, MESD, and KDELR2, whereas pro-α1(I) expression was very low in fibroblasts which had knockdown of IFITM5, SP7, BMP1, WNT1, CREB3L1, MBTPS2, and CCDC134. The expression of pro-α1(I) showed abundant and non-aggregated distribution in the fibroblasts with knockdown of non-OI skeletal disorder-related genes (RAB33B and IFT52). The in vitro assay accurately detected abnormally expressed pro-α1(I) levels in cellular models of various types of OI. Thus, this procedure represents a promising point-of-detection assay for potential diagnosis and therapeutic decisions in OI.

PMID:38014644 | DOI:10.1111/cge.14463