Study of genes polymorphisms in RANK/RANKL/OPG and WNT signaling pathways and their associations with bone parameters in broiler chicken

pubmed: wnt1 2024-02-27

Heliyon. 2023 Nov 11;9(11):e22371. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e22371. eCollection 2023 Nov.


Limb problems are one of the most common problems with fast-growing meat-type chickens. Various bone abnormalities, which can lead to limping, bone weakness, or even fractures, bring overall discomfort to birds and a loss of production. Genetic aspects are often associated with these side effects on bone stability and are also cited as the dominant cause. These points to a close negative relationship of genetic selection for rapid growth with traits involved in bone integrity. Due to the assumption of an additive genetic background, improvements through genetic tools can be used. Our study is focused on selected genes of important signaling pathways for bone metabolism. We tried to detect polymorphisms that would show associations with selected bone parameters in a total of 48 broilers. Those were fast-growing Ross 308 hybrids and slow-growing Hubbard M22BxJA87A hybrids. The TNFRSF11A and WISP1 genes were tested. A total of fourteen polymorphisms were found, three of them were synonymous and five in the intron. In the case of four polymorphisms found in exons of the TNFRSF11A gene (c.11G > T, c.31G > A, c.37C > G, c.514G > A), associations with the observed bone parameters (bone strength, bone dimensions and bone mass) were demonstrated. The genetic architecture of bone traits is not fully understood, therefore the present study and the knowledge gained can help to increase the potential in poultry breeding processes and thus reduce the death of individuals.

PMID:38053912 | PMC:PMC10694325 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e22371