SNHG3/WISP2 Axis Promotes Hela Cell Migration and Invasion <em>via</em> Activating Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling

pubmed: wnt1 2024-02-27

Cancer Genomics Proteomics. 2023 Dec;20(6suppl):744-753. doi: 10.21873/cgp.20421.


BACKGROUND/AIM: Cervical cancer (CC) poses a significant threat to women's health and has a relatively poor prognosis due to local invasion and metastasis. It is, therefore, crucial to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of CC metastasis. SNHG3 has been implicated in various tumor metastasis processes, but its involvement in CC has not been thoroughly studied. Our study aimed to investigate the role of SNHG3 in metastasis and elucidate its underlying mechanisms in CC.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: LncRNA SNHG3 expression in CC tissues was analyzed using TCGA and GSE27469 databases. Normal cervical epithelial cells and CC cell lines were used to detect mRNA expression of SNHG3 via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). With RNA interference (RNAi) technology, antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) can act on HeLa cells to knockdown target gene expression. The influence of SNHG3 on cell migration and invasion were determined by wound healing and transwell assays. Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to seek abnormally expressed genes between SNHG3 knockdown cells and control cells. The expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and Wnt/β-catenin signaling related proteins were detected using western blot.

RESULTS: SNHG3 was obviously up-regulated in CC tissues and cell lines, and ectopic expression of SNHG3 was associated with lymph node metastasis of CC. Knockdown of SNHG3 significantly inhibited cell migration and invasion in CC. Further molecular mechanism studies showed that SNHG3 knockdown could down-regulate the expression of WNT1 Inducible Signaling Pathway Protein 2 (WISP2) so as to inhibit the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, and regulated the expression of EMT-related markers, that promoted the protein expression of E-cadherin, as well as decreased the expression of N-cadherin and vimentin.

CONCLUSION: SNHG3 appears to exert a pro-metastatic effect in CC, as evidenced by inhibition of cell migration and invasion upon SNHG3 knockdown. EMT also appears to be attenuated. Of interest is the down-regulation of WISP2 following SNHG3 knockdown leads to the inactivation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

PMID:38035707 | PMC:PMC10687733 | DOI:10.21873/cgp.20421