Strategy and policy reformulation of open access
[Summary from Google's English] For 25 years, the movement open access gradually unfolds at the crossroads of claims for a more open flow of research results and unprecedented opportunities brought by the Internet and the Web. Reformulations of the movement were many, worn by actors, not projecting the same issues on this transformation. In support of participant observation, the article attempts to trace the evolution of the different operating conditions of open access in both a diachronic dimension and size compared to national policies in different countries. A particular turning point seems to start, marked by comprehensive negotiations between publishers, governments and research funders. The French context is analyzed, in particular by the recent integration of regulatory elements in the Lemaire law of 2016 and the growing tensions with the actors of the national edition, mainly humanities and social sciences.